Domain Controller Vs Member Server Vs Client
Domain Controller Vs Member Server Vs Client, this is very important interview question. It explains your understanding about the environment and about the roles. In this article, we’ll help you understand the difference between Domain Controller Vs Member Server Vs Client.
To understand the difference between Domain Controller Vs Member Server Vs Client, we need to understand the difference between Server Operating System and Client Operating System. Server Operating systems are like Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2012 (R2) and Windows Server 2016. Alternatively, client Operating System is Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8 (8.1), Windows 10.
Please take a note, only Server OS can be promoted as a Domain Controller i.e. any Server with Server edition of OS e.g. Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2012 (R2), Windows Server 2016 can be promoted as a Domain Controller and not the client Operating system. Domain Controllers are commonly known as DC. Every domain has at least one domain controller. Domain is a logical security boundary of computers.
DC stores all the information and objects of a domain. It also performs, various operations to manage domain and domain members. Domain Controller is used for centralized management of your domain and it’s resources, it is a repository for all the objects that you create in your Domain. All security policies and account logons are processed by the domain controller. It also provides authentication.
In other words, we can say that Domain Controller is like a Manager who manages the entire department. However, Domain can be denoted as a department.
A member server is a computer in a domain which has Windows Server edition of operating system deployed but it is not a Domain Controller. DCs cannot be used to deploy all the roles e.g. DHCP, application server, file and print server, Citrix Application Virtualization, Citrix Desktop Virtualization, etc therefore Member servers are required to deploy all these roles or applications. Domain users can login on member servers whereas no domain user can login on a domain controller without domain administrative rights or delegated permissions.
The way I used to remember it, Member Servers are more like the team leads in our environment.
Clients machines are desktops or laptops in a domain, which are used by end users and have client Operating system deployed on them. Client machines will always have client edition of operating system like Microsoft Window 7, Microsoft Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 or Windows 10. End users use client computers for accessing resources and data from a server. Servers are powerful computers which manage all resources whereas client computers or workstations are used to access resources managed by servers.
The way I used to remember this, Client machines are more like the team members in our environment. They are using services hosted on Members Servers and get authenticated from Domain Controllers.